Family Characidae Latreille, 1825 – tetras, characids

Family Characidae Latreille, 1825 – tetras, characids

The Family Characidae includes Characids Incertae Sedis (no assigned subfamily), 10 subfamilies and 128 genera [Incertae Sedis (Astyanacinus, Astyanax, Ctenobrycon, Inpaichthys, Jupiaba, Oligosarcus and Psellogrammus)], [Rhoadsiinae (Carlana, Parastremma and Rhoadsia)], [Aphyoditeinae (Atopomesus, Aphyodite, Axelrodia, Leptobrycon, Microschemobrycon, Oxybrycon, Parecbasis and Tyttobrycon)], [Pristellinae (Bario, Deuterodon, Ectrepopterus, Hasemania, Hemigrammus, Hyphessobrycon, Moenkhausia, Myxiops, Nematocharax, Paracheirodon, Parapristella, Petitella, Phycocharax, Probolodus, Pristella and Thayeria)], [Gymnocharacinae (Coptobrycon, Grundulus, Gymnocharacinus, Hollandichthys, Nematobrycon, Pseudochalceus and Rachoviscus)], [Stethaprioninae (Brachychalcinus, Gymnocorymbus, Orthospinus, Poptella, Stethaprion and Stichonodon)], [Tetragonopterinae (Tetragonopterus)], [Characinae (Acanthocharax, Acestrocephalus, Bryconexodon, Charax, Cynopotamus, Exodon, Galeocharax, Phenacogaster, Priocharax, Roeboexodon and Roeboides)], [Aphyocharacinae (Aphyocharacidium, Aphyocharax, Leptagoniates, Paragoniates, Phenagoniates, Prionobrama and Xenagoniates)], [Cheirodontinae (Acinocheirodon, Amazonspinther, Aphyocheirodon, Cheirodon, Cheirodontops, Compsura, Ctenocheirodon, Heterocheirodon, Kolpotocheirodon, Macropsobrycon, Nanocheirodon, Odontostilbe, Prodontocharax, Protocheirodon, Pseudocheirodon, Saccoderma, Serrapinnus and Spintherobolus)] and [Stevardiinae (Acrobrycon, Argopleura, Attonitus, Aulixidens, Boehlkea, Bryconacidnus, Bryconamericus, Caiapobrycon, Carlastyanax, Ceratobranchia, Chrysobrycon, Corynopoma, Creagrutus, Cyanogaster, Diapoma, Eretmobrycon, Gephyrocharax, Glandulocauda, Hemibrycon, Hysteronotus, Iotabrycon, Knodus, Landonia, Lepidocharax, Lophiobrycon, Markiana, Microgenys, Mimagoniates, Monotocheirodon, Othonocheirodus, Phallobrycon, Phenacobrycon, Piabarchus, Piabina, Planaltina, Pseudocorynopoma, Pterobrycon, Ptychocharax, Rhinobrycon, Rhinopetitia, Scopaeocharax, Trochilocharax, Tyttocharax and Xenurobrycon)]

There are 10 subfamilies (including a group of “incertae sedis” genera, 128 genera and 1030 species currently recognized: Incertae Sedis (Astyanacinus (3), Astyanax (161), Ctenobrycon (4), Inpaichthys (1), Jupiaba (27), Oligosarcus (22) and Psellogrammus (1))], [Rhoadsiinae (Carlana (1), Parastremma (3) and Rhoadsia (2))], [Aphyoditeinae (Atopomesus (1), Aphyodite (1), Axelrodia (3), Leptobrycon (1), Microschemobrycon (7), Oxybrycon (1), Parecbasis (1) and Tyttobrycon (5))], [Pristellinae (Bario (1), Deuterodon (8), Ectrepopterus (1), Hasemania (9), Hemigrammus (59), Hyphessobrycon (151), Moenkhausia (88), Myxiops (1), Nematocharax (1), Paracheirodon (3), Parapristella (2), Petitella (1), Phycocharax (1), Probolodus (3), Pristella (1) and Thayeria (3))], [Gymnocharacinae (Coptobrycon (1), Grundulus (3), Gymnocharacinus (1), Hollandichthys (2), Nematobrycon (2), Pseudochalceus (4) and Rachoviscus (2))], [Stethaprioninae (Brachychalcinus (5), Gymnocorymbus (4), Orthospinus (1), Poptella (4), Stethaprion (2) and Stichonodon (1))], [Tetragonopterinae (Tetragonopterus (13))], [Characinae (Acanthocharax (1), Acestrocephalus (8), Bryconexodon (2), Charax (16), Cynopotamus (12), Exodon (1), Galeocharax (3), Phenacogaster (20), Priocharax (3), Roeboexodon (1) and Roeboides (21))], [Aphyocharacinae (Aphyocharacidium (2), Aphyocharax (11), Leptagoniates (1), Paragoniates (1), Phenagoniates (1), Prionobrama (2) and Xenagoniates (1))], [Cheirodontinae (Acinocheirodon (1), Amazonspinther (1), Aphyocheirodon (1), Cheirodon (11), Cheirodontops (1), Compsura (2), Ctenocheirodon (1), Heterocheirodon (2), Kolpotocheirodon (2), Macropsobrycon (2), Nanocheirodon (1), Odontostilbe (16), Prodontocharax (3), Protocheirodon (1), Pseudocheirodon (2), Saccoderma (3), Serrapinnus (15) and¬†Spintherobolus (4))] and [Stevardiinae (Acrobrycon (3), Argopleura (4), Attonitus (3), Aulixidens (1), Boehlkea (1), Bryconacidnus (4), Bryconamericus (62), Caiapobrycon (1), Carlastyanax (1), Ceratobranchia (5), Chrysobrycon (6), Corynopoma (1), Creagrutus (72), Cyanogaster (1), Diapoma (13), Eretmobrycon (12), Gephyrocharax (11), Glandulocauda (2), Hemibrycon (44), Hysteronotus (1), Iotabrycon (1), Knodus (29), Landonia (1), Lepidocharax (2), Lophiobrycon (1), Markiana (2), Microgenys (3), Mimagoniates (7), Monotocheirodon (3), Othonocheirodus (1), Phallobrycon (2), Phenacobrycon (1), Piabarchus¬† (3), Piabina (3), Planaltina (3), Pseudocorynopoma (2), Pterobrycon (2), Ptychocharax (1), Rhinobrycon (1), Rhinopetitia (2), Scopaeocharax (2), Trochilocharax (1), Tyttocharax (4) and Xenurobrycon (6))]

Images: the images are sorted according to genus

Characidae PDF - Overview